In 1943, a history-changing battle was waged in Stalingrad (now Volgograd). The Battle of Stalingrad was unique in many aspects: the violence of confrontations and the number of military personnel and material mobilised surpassed that of any battle in history. Visiting Volgograd is good way to get a handle of the terrain and city layout to understand what happened.
Volgograd is about 1,000 km south of Moscow, located in the arid continental steppe. The best way to get there is by plane (about 1h50). By train, it takes about 18 hours.
You can visit Volgograd throughout the year to see the monuments dedicated to the Battle of Stalingrad, but it’s important to remember that it gets hot in summer (40°C) and freezes in winter.
A trip to Volgograd can be combined with a visit of Astrakhan and bird or lotus watching at the delta of the Volga river. From Volgograd, the train journey to Astrakhan is only 5h30 and leaves Astrakhan at 16h16, arriving in Volgograd at 21h30.